43. Surrogacy and Egg Donation
Surrogacy is a form of assisted reproduction. It is also known as third party reproduction. Surrogacy is an arrangement whereby a woman agrees to become pregnant for the purpose of gestating and giving birth to a child for others to raise. She may be the child's genetic mother (the more traditional form of surrogacy also known as artificial insemination), or she may be implanted with someone else's fertilized egg (gestational surrogacy).
Egg donation is also a form of assisted reproduction. Egg donation is a process whereby the egg donors eggs or ovum are extracted and used to make embryos outside the human body by a process known as in vitro fertilization. These embryos are then placed in a recipients uterus and that woman gestates the baby until birth.
Surrogacy and egg donation law relates to the legal and contractual dealings between all participating parties.